Peace Treaties (post WW1)

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  • Peace Treaties
    • Treaty of Versailles
      • Aims of the Big 3
        • Britain
          • Didn't lose as many men as France, so didn't want the Treaty to be too harsh
          • Wanted to protect Empire
        • France
          • Felt threatened as bordered Germany
          • Wanted revenge after embarrassment in Hall of Mirrors 1870
          • Lost lots of men
        • USA
          • Didn't want to be harsh, as there was the possibility of retaliation
          • Joined in 1917
      • Responses to the Treaty
        • Britain
          • Wanted it to be harsh, but not as harsh as France
          • Wanted to make sure that Empire wwas safe
            • Wanted it to be harsh, but not as harsh as France
            • No air force
        • France
          • Thought it was not as harsh as possible
          • Wanted revenge against Germany
            • Thought it was not as harsh as possible
        • USA
          • Thought it was too harsh
            • Had joined the war in 1917, so hadn't lost as many men as France
            • Had joined the war in 1917, so hadn't lost as many men as France
            • Germany
              • Thought it was really unfair
              • Couldn't afford reparations
              • Lost industrial areas and could not rebuild
              • Lost pride without armed forces
              • Saw other countries weren't disarming
              • Didn't accept defeat
              • Often now lived under foreign rule in new countries
              • Lost colonies
              • Suffered an economic crisis
              • Didn't accept war guilt clause for starting the war
          • Terms
            • 6 battleships
              • Wanted to make sure that Empire wwas safe
                • No air force
            • Demilitarise Rhineland
            • Disarm
            • Lost all overseas colonies
            • Lose Alsace-Lorraine
            • Lose Polish corridor
            • Forbidden to join with Austria (Anschluss)
            • Had to accept blame (Article 231)
            • No armoured vehicles
            • No submarines
            • Lost empire
        • Trianon
          • Hungary
          • September 1919
          • Took land away (e.g. Croatia)
          • Made Hungary reduce army
          • Created new countries
            • Czechoslovakia
            • Yugoslavia
            • Romania
        • Sévres
          • Ottoman Empire
          • August 1920
          • Lost land
          • Lost control of Black Sea
        • St. Germain
          • Austria
          • June 1920
          • Separated Austria from Hungary
          • Stopped Austria joining with Germany
          • Took land away
          • Limited army
          • Created new countries
            • Created new countries
              • Czechoslovakia
              • Yugoslavia
              • Romania
        • Neuilly
          • Bulgaria
          • November 1919
          • Took away some land
          • Denied access to sea
          • Made Bulgaria reduce army

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