Peace Making

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  • Peace Making
    • The Big Three
      • President Wilson (USA)
        • Didn't want to punish Germany
        • 14 Points
          • Strengthen Democracy
          • Bring in self determination
          • Prevent any future wars
          • Free access to seas
          • Free Trade
        • He was afraid Germany would strengthen and start a new war
      • David Lloyd George (Britain)
        • Germany to lose colonies so less threat to British Empire
        • Germany to be stable enough to continue trade
        • Germany to pay back debts from WW1
        • Germany to reduce navy
      • Georges Clemenceau (France)
        • Severe economical and military damage from Germany
        • Wanted the return of Alsace-Lorraine.
        • Germany to demilitarize Rhineland
        • Germany split into smaller colonies
        • Germany to pay for rebuilding of factories and war costs
    • Treaty of Versailles
      • Territorial
        • Germany lost land
          • Alsace-Lorraine to France
          • Eupen and Mamedy to Belguim
          • Northern Scheleswig to Denmark
          • West Prussia, Posen and Upper Silesia to Poland
        • The Saar, Danzig and Memel under Leagues control
        • Lost land from Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
      • Germany's Military
        • No tanks
        • 100,000 men
        • No airforce
        • No submarines
        • 6 naval ships
      • Economical
        • War Guilt Clause- Germany to pay £6.6 billion in damages
        • Germany lost coal industries
        • Germany forbidden to make super state with Austria
      • Reactions
        • Britain thought terms were fair
        • USA felt treaty was unfair
        • France wanted treaty harsher but happy war over
        • Germany hated treaty. Thought it would be based of 14 points but they were forced to sign
      • Brought independence,peace and League of nations to Europe
      • Germans were helpless, new states were poorly formed and LoN weak


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