GCSE PE Unit 4 (Diet)

Mindmap for AQA GCSE Unit 4 (Diet). Includes nutrition, dietary considerations, carborhydrate loading & high-protein diets. 

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  • PE Unit 4 (Diet)
    • Balanced Diet
      • Nutritional Needs
        • Carborhydrates
          • Simple Carbs (sugars): Glucose and Sugar
          • Complex Carbs (starches): Pasta, bread, rice
          • One of the main sources of energy for active people
        • Fats
          • Major source of energy for the body
        • Proteins
          • 'Building Blocks'- essential for development of new tissue
        • Vitamins
          • Essential to enable good health, only needed in small quantities
        • Minerals
          • Basically same reason as vitamins, needed for good health
        • Water (Fluids)
          • Failure to replace lost water results into dehydration
        • Fibre
          • Used to aid digestive  system and prevent constapation
      • Dietary Considerations
        • 5 MAIN FOOD GROUPS
          • Sources of Protein (meat, fish, eggs, beans, NON DAIRY)
          • Food + Drinks high in fat/sugar
            • This group is not essential to a healthy diet
          • Dairy Foods
          • Starchy Foods (bread, rice, pasta, potatoes)
          • Fruit & Vegatables
          • The Eatwell Plate
        • What results from failure to meet these guidelines?
          • Balanced Diet
            • Nutritional Needs
              • Carborhydrates
                • Simple Carbs (sugars): Glucose and Sugar
                • Complex Carbs (starches): Pasta, bread, rice
                • One of the main sources of energy for active people
              • Fats
                • Major source of energy for the body
              • Proteins
                • 'Building Blocks'- essential for development of new tissue
              • Vitamins
                • Essential to enable good health, only needed in small quantities
              • Minerals
                • Basically same reason as vitamins, needed for good health
              • Water (Fluids)
                • Failure to replace lost water results into dehydration
              • Fibre
                • Used to aid digestive  system and prevent constapation
            • Dietary Considerations
              • 5 MAIN FOOD GROUPS
                • Sources of Protein (meat, fish, eggs, beans, NON DAIRY)
                • Food + Drinks high in fat/sugar
                  • This group is not essential to a healthy diet
                • Dairy Foods
                • Starchy Foods (bread, rice, pasta, potatoes)
                • Fruit & Vegatables
                • The Eatwell Plate
              • What results from failure to meet these guidelines?
                • Anorexia- eating disorder  where people self-starve themselves
                  • Fear of gaining weight and a distorted body image
                • Malnutrition- physical weakness from insufficient food or poor diet
                • Obesity- condition of being extremely fat or overweight
          • Anorexia- eating disorder  where people self-starve themselves
            • Fear of gaining weight and a distorted body image
          • Malnutrition- physical weakness from insufficient food or poor diet
          • Obesity- condition of being extremely fat or overweight
    • Specific Diets
      • Levels of participation
        • Basal Metabolic Rate- the resting amount of energy required to keep life processes maintained
        • Calorie- A unit that measures heat/energy production in the body
        • When to eat; (exercise)
          • Before- not too close to performing, try a 2 hour gap
          • After- wait 2 hours again after performing
          • During- generally don't eat but something light = okay
          • Liquids= constant to avoid dehydration but avoid stitches
      • High-Protein Diet
        • Body Builders
        • Way of building up muscle and loosing fat
          • Also need to do exercise though
        • Protein is hard to digest so don't eat just before training or performing
      • Carbohydrate Loading
        • Endurance Athletes and Marathon Runners
        • Eat lots of starchy foods in the week before an event
          • This builds up glycogen stores in muscles
            • Which can help to delay fatigue and improve performance
              • Because Starch is slow-release energy

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