Partita no.4 in D: Sarabande and Gigue Mindmap

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  • Partita no.4 in D: Sarabande and Gigue
    • General Background
      • Appeared as one of a set in 1731.
      • Composed for good amateur performers.
      • Both typical dances.
      • Fugal writing in parts of the Gigue
    • Performance Forces
      • Usually played on a harpsichord.
      • No dynamics markings
      • Can be played on domestic clavichord.
    • Harmony and Tonality
      • Modulates to closely related keys.
      • Each movement starts tonic D Major
      • Functional Harmony
      • Largely Diatonic
      • 7th chords are common
      • Faster harmonic rhythm leading to cadence
    • Rhythm and Metre
      • SARABANDE
        • Simple triple time
        • Emphasis on second beat
        • Some syncopatition
        • LH continuous notes
      • GIGUE
        • Compound triple time
        • Almost continuous semiquavers movement
        • Increased rhythmic activity towards cadence
    • Melody
      • conjunct movement + scalic runs in fast passages
      • Frequent use of sequence
      • Disjunct movement is common too
        • For example broken chords : (minor 7ths)
    • Structure
      • SARABANDE
        • Rounded Binary Form
        • Two main sections of piece. A & B
        • A ends dom, B starts tonic
      • GIGUE
        • Binary Form
        • Fugal elements, but not a fugue
        • A ends in dominant, B returns with tonic
        • Rhyming endings
    • Texture
      • SARABANDE
        • Almost entirely 2 part
        • Melody Dominated Homophony
        • Beginning + end of each section strengthened by addition of other party
        • Bar 2 = Monophonic
      • GIGUE
        • Mainly 3 part + some fugal texture
        • Opening is monophonic
        • Final entry is 3 part texture
        • Texture slowly builds to 3

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