The participation as an individual

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  • Participant as an Individual
    • Age
      • Strength- DECREASE but young age achieve max strength until their 20s
      • Oxygen Capacity- reduce with age, heart becomes less efficient, increased blood pressure
      • Flexibility- DECREASE with age
      • Skill Level- IMPROVES with age
      • Recovery- takes longer as you get older, more chance of injury, increased wear and tear on the body
    • Disability
      • Adaptations
        • Sports have to be adapted to disabled individuals can participate. E.g. Rules change, size of the pitch.
      • Access
        • They need to be able to get into leisure facilities; there for ramps, lifts, bigger changing rooms are fitted.
      • Parking
        • Spaces are fitted closer to the facilities and spaces are also made wider and deeper.
      • Provisions
        • Specialist coaching and  training for teachers needed. Special clubs with these coaches.
      • Blind person- Football is a good sport, altered- all wear eye masks, bell in the ball, when about to shoot ref taps the goal so they know where it is
      • Missing ligament- taught how to swim just as strong, they can get blade legs and learnt how to do things like abled people.
      • Learning Disability- Horse riding they can get good relationship with animals, only help needed is getting onto the horse.
    • Gender
      • Cardiovascu-lar  endurace MEN have more stamina due to bigger heart and lungs.
      • Strength- MEN are stronger, naturally attracted to more sport
      • Bone Structure- FEMALES are prone to osteoporos-is as they get older to a decrease in bone density
      • Flexibility-  FEMALES have increased flexibility.
      • Fat- FEMALES have increased amounts of body fat.
    • Phsique
      • EcTomorph
        • TALL&THIN- narrow shoulders, low muscle bulk, low fat. Long distance running, basketball, long jump.
      • EnDomorph
        • DUMPY-  pear shaped, wide hips and shoulders, high fat levels, short legs. (sumo) Wrestler.
      • Mesomorph
        • MUSCULAR-wedge shaped, broad shoulders, narrow hips, muscular arms and legs, large amount of bulk, low fat levels.Swimmer, 100,200,400 meter running.
    • Enviroment
      • Weather
        • Rain= wet floor more chance of injury. Wind= ball sport watch direction. Sun= hard to see, cause of burn.
      • Pollution
        • Air pollution= not as much oxygen, breathing becomes harder. Training= harder, lungs get filled harder to breathe. Health= bad effect everyday.
      • Altitude
        • Altitude there is less oxygen, have to breath faster so get same amount of oxygen at sea level. Over time body will automatically produce more blood cells which enables to breathe correct amount of oxygen.
      • Terrain
        • Different ground to usual, slows a performer. Appropriate equipment to keep safe.
    • Risk&Challenge
      • Risk-the possibility of suffering, harm, loss or danger
      • Challenge- A test of your ability of resources in a demanding situatio
    • Activity Levels &Needs
      • Competitive- highly commited training, training consists of fitness and skills, sacrafise other activites, if get to pro level- full training everyday.
      • Recreational activities- not as demanding, don't need special training, only have to take part in activity at one length of time at your own choice.
      • Performance level- perform for a place eg county or country, there performance level  is high due to dedication.
      • Individual factors- age, influence as a younger person who is at school, may have more leisure time to take part in activity then adults with jobs.
      • Activity effects- high level participation are to bring benefits, health benefits if done regularly, enjoyment, social, low levels of activity have little effect.


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