Partita: sarabande, gigue-Bach

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  • Created by: lollocket
  • Created on: 10-01-16 17:59
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  • Partia No.4 in D: Sarabande and Gigue. J.S.Bach
    • Sarabande
      • Texture
        • Right hand has melody. Left hand has supporting part. Melody-dominated homophony.
        • 3-part texture at start, but 4 part texture at end of first texture.
        • Bar 2 can be said to be monophonic as one note is sounded at a time.
      • Structure
        • Rounded binary form
        • Section A ends in the dominent
        • Section B starts in the tonic, has a reference to section A.
      • Rhythm and metre
        • Simple triple time with slow beat
        • Emphasis on second beat of bar noticable in both bars of opening phrase
        • Steady, continuous   quavers in left hand e.g. bars 3/4
        • Short notes, demi and semi quavers in right hand e.g. bars 3/4
    • Gigue
      • Texture
        • Mainly 3 part texture with some fugal textures.
          • Opening 6 bars are monophonic with just the first fugal subject.
            • Second fugal subject in the dominant has a two part texture
              • At bar 17 the final fugal subject entry creates the 3 part texture
        • In the second section a new fugal subject begins           monophonically at bar 49
      • Structure
        • Binary form
        • Fugal elements but not a regular fugue
        • Section A ends in dominant
        • Section B goes to tonic
      • Rhythm and Metre
        • Compound triple time
        • Continuous semiquaver movement
    • Tonality
      • Major-Minor tonality wit modulations to closely related keys.
      • Each movement begins in the tonic(D major) and modulates to the dominant within section A
      • At the end of the B section, the key return to the tonic, through a relative keg e.g.B minor (relative minor) and E minor ( relative minor of sub-dominant(G major).) Both keys are in both movements.
    • Harmony
      • Functional harmony/ diatonic  - mainly root position chords and 1st inversion triads.
      • Frequent use of broken chords and arpeggios e.g. chord I of D major in bar 1 of the Gigue.
      • Diminished 7th's (with suspensions) over the tonic pedal note in A before the final note of the first half of the sarabande.
      • Appoggiatura add tension in the closing bars of both sections of the Gigue( starts in bar 41
    • Melody
      • Conjunct (stepwise) movements. Scalic runs in fast moving passages e.g. bar 11 of Sarabande.
      • Disjunct movements which often involves broken chords e.g.start of gigue.
      • Interval of a minor 7th which highlights crucial notes of the VII chord e.g. bars 22 and 23 of sarabande.

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