institutional developments: parliament

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  • parliament
    • henry vii
      • acts of parliament passed to maintain order
        • wanted to stop illegal retaining (cause of disorder)
      • 1495 de facto act aimed to help restore stability after Stanley's treason
    • henry viii
      • 1530s, henry and Cromwell implemented parliamentary reforms to ensure min. resistance and more support
      • parliament approved of dissolution (break from Rome) esp. as many benefitted
    • edward vi and mary i
      • 1550s HoC, gentry and nobility concerns could be expressed
        • heard even if didn't affect policy making
    • elizabeth i
      • growing support from MPs
        • 1571, voted to protect queen from Catholic plots etc.
        • 1584, act for the queen's safety reflected increased patriotism
      • change in attitude so many gentry wanted to become MPs
        • pressure meant est. new parliamentary seats
        • more concerned w local econ/social issues > high politics (saw as way to prevent rebellion)
    • basics
      • infrequent e.g. 7 sess. henry vii and 13 sess. eliza.
      • voted Crown's financial grants and discussed proposed bills
      • useful in preventing disorder and conspirators
      • House of Lords as court of law
      • brought bills of attender against rebels
      • not integral
    • edward, mary, and elizabeth saw value of having MPs endorse religious changes after 1536 as emotive subject (meant those who might've led protests now supported gov)

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