Parliament

Mind Map of parliament key points

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  • Parliament
    • Main Features
      • Fused executive and legislature
      • Vote of no confidence -parl can dismiss got
      • Power is exercised collectively within executive
      • PM commands majority in parl
      • Head of executive, not head of state
    • Commons
      • Key powers = parliamentary soverignty and motion of no confidence
      • 650 members
      • Over 100 ministerial positions
      • Whips
    • Lords
      • Can delay bills for up to a year
      • Can suggest amendments
      • Hereditary Peers, Life Peers, Lords Spiritual, Lords of Appeal
    • Monarchy
      • Formal and ceremonial role
      • Royal assent, appointing PM, dissolving parl, Queen's speech
    • Functions
      • Legislation
      • Scrutiny and accoutability
      • Representation
      • Recruitment of ministers
      • Legitimacy
    • Reform
      • Commons
        • Pre-legislative scrutiny
        • Carry-over of legislation
        • Modernization Committee
        • Liason Committee
        • PM's Question Time
        • Westminster Hall Sittings
      • Lords
        • 92 hereditary peers removed
        • Increased legitimacy
        • Better placed to scrutinise
        • No party majority
        • More representative
        • Conflict with Commons
        • Legislative gridlock
        • Crossbenchers lost
        • Shortcomings of [arty control duplicated

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