Parent-Infant attachment

  • Created by: MollyL20
  • Created on: 20-10-20 19:18
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  • Attachment figures
    • Parent infant attachment
      • Traditionally we have thought in terms of mother-infant attachment. Schaffer and Emerson (1964) found that the majority of their babies did become attached to their mothers first
      • Within a few weeks or months secondary attachment to other family members occur which includes the father
      • In 75% of the infants studied an attachment was formed with the father at 18 months, they knew this because the baby protested when the father walked away
    • The role of the father
      • Grossman (2002) carried out a longitudinal study looking at both the parents behaviour and its relationship to the quality of children's attacthments into their teens
      • Quality of infant attachment with mothers but not fathers was related to the children's attachments in adolescent attachments. This suggests that the fathers have a different type of role in attachment, playful, stimulating
    • Fathers as primary caregivers
      • When fathers do take on the role of being the primary caregiver, they adopt behaviours that have been associated with mothers
      • Tiffany Field (1978) filmed 4 month old babies in face to face interaction with PCG mothers SCG fathers and PCG fathers
      • PCG fathers send more time smiling, imitating and holding infants than SCG fathers. This behaviour tend to be important in building an attachment with the infant. So the fathers can be nurturing as well as playful. The key to attachment is the level of responsiveness not the gender


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