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  • Packaging
    • Labelling
      • Food labeling is covered by legislation and manufacturers must follow strict guidelines
      • Legal requirements control what must be written and included on food labels:
        • Name
          • By law this can't be misleading, e.g. 'strawberry yoghurt' must contain strawberries, but 'strawberry flavoured yoghurt' just needs to taste of strawberries
        • List of Ingredients
          • All the ingredients must be listed in decreasing order of weight, including additives and preservatives. This allows you to compare products or avoid foods you can't / don't want to eat
        • Best before and use by dates
          • Products can't be sold beyond these, and a product should be thrown away once the use by date has passed
        • Storage instructions
          • Particularly important after a food product has been opened
        • Nutritional infomation
          • Provided so you can compare products.
        • Contact
          • Details of the maker, packer  or seller.
    • Most products have some form of packaging that is used for different reasons:
      • Protection
        • Needed during transit and is often a box with a protective inner.
      • Information
        • To give users knowledge about the product, e.g. technical information and symbols
      • Display
        • So the product can be clearly seen.
      • Transportation
        • e.g. wooden pallets make bulk transportation easier.
      • Containing
        • To keep any loose materials or components together
      • Preservatiion
        • Against the weather, temperature, bacteria, etc.
    • Packaging Symbols
      • inform consumers about hazards, storage and handling, maintenance, disposal and design protection. For Example..
        • Fragile contents, handle with care
        • Do not allow packaging to get wet
        • flammable, toxic or corrosive contents
        • Environmental symbols, e.g. recycling symbols
        • Maintenance symbols, e.g. on clothes
      • Bar Codes
        • Represent data in a machine-readable form. The scanned data is sent to a computer system where it's recorded and processed. Bar codes are used for...
          • Stock Control
          • Pricing
          • To eliminate human error
          • To check on consumer buying trends
          • Recording points, e.g. on customer loyalty cards.


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