Weimar Republic 1919 - 1933

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  • Created by: Geot
  • Created on: 18-04-14 14:39
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  • Weimar Republic
    • Founded: 1919
    • Succeeded: Kaiser Wilhem II
    • Capital: Weimar, Germany
    • President: Elected every 7 years by people
      • Chancellor: Appointed by the President on recemmondation of the Reichstag
        • Reichstag (Lower House)
        • Reichsrat (Upper House)
      • German people: All could vote for President and Reichstag
        • Reichstag (Lower House)
      • Article 48 meant he could pass emergency measures without the Reichstag
    • President: Ebert (1919 - 1925)
      • Hindenburg (1925 - 1934)
    • Chancellor: Scheidman (1919)
      • Bauer (1919 - 1920)
        • Cuno ('22 - '23
          • Stresemann (1923)
            • von Papen (1932)
              • von Schliecher (1932 - 1933)
    • Crisises
      • Spartakist Uprising (1919)
        • Led by: Liebknecht and Luxemburg
        • Solved by: Deploying the Friekorps
        • Spartakists (Left-wing Communist party)
      • Kapp Putsch (1920)
        • Led by: Wolfgang Kapp
        • Solved by: encouraging workers to go on strike
          • Caused communication, production and transport to collapse
      • Occupation of the Ruhr (1923)
        • French and Belgian troops
          • Industrial area would gain money for the French government
            • Workers went on strike, losing money for both
        • Caused by failure to keep up with £6.6 billion (£284 billion today) reparations
          • Industrial area would gain money for the French government
            • Workers went on strike, losing money for both
    • Economic Troubles
      • Reparations - Totalled 132 billion Marks or £6.6 billion (£284 billion today)
      • Hyperinflation - bad economy and foolish government
        • Reparations - Totalled 132 billion Marks or £6.6 billion (£284 billion today)
      • Great poverty and useless savings
        • Hyperinflation - bad economy and foolish government
      • Political Instability
        • 24 governments over the period of 14 years
        • Many coalitions, few majority decisions by parliament
          • 24 governments over the period of 14 years
        • Extreme political groups
          • Spartakists (Left-wing Communist party)
          • Freikorps (Right-wing made up of decomissioned WWI troops
            • Kapp Putsch (1920)
              • Led by: Wolfgang Kapp
              • Solved by: encouraging workers to go on strike
                • Caused communication, production and transport to collapse

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