outline some of the main functions of the education system according to Marxists.

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • outline some of the main functions of the education system according to Marxists.
    • intro
      • most functions are negative-include brainwashing pupils to accept RC values, and accept that their failure is their fault, creates passive workers of the future.
        • Marxists are criticised by functionalists. education system has a largely positive effect.
    • 1.
      • One role-Althusser- to trick WC pupils into thinking that their failure is their own fault
        • not all pupils have an equal chance to succeed. due to material and cultural deprivation at home.
          • WC- do less well in SATs and GCSEs.
          • material deprivation- WC cant afford enrichment trips, musical instruments or  books
          • Cultural deprivation-Marxist like Bordieu- lack cultural capitol. WC parents have less experience of education system. cant pass on skills(help with homework) or attitudes needed for educational success.
          • althusser- they think it is their fault rather than due to their social background.
        • functionalists-parsons- pupils recieve the same universalistic standars of education.
          • same teacher, syllabus, resources.
          • if a pupil fails it is because of a lack of effort. not their social class.
    • 2.
      • Althusser- brainwash pupils to accept RC values and beliefs.
        • education system acts as an 'idealogical state apparatus'
          • A way for government to control peoples beliefs and ideas.
          • hidden curriculum-transmit RC values like obedience and respect for authority while free thought and creativity are punished.
            • e.g.' no talking when teacher is talking'.' work hard'
            • pupils learn that obedience and hard work are what the future employers are looking for.
            • Functionalists-Durkheim- education system transmits 'shared values'
              • Social solidarity. feelings of belonging to school and wider society.
                • social solidarity makes pupils feel integrated and not controlled.
    • 3.
      • Bowles and Gintis- prepare WC pupils for low paid WC jobs.
        • Capitalism needs large numbers of low paid workers. boring repetitive jobs-e.g. factory work, call centre, office work.
          • School prepares WC for low paid jobs .
            • school corresponds with work
              • same values-punctuality, hard work, respect for authority. external rewards in both. grades and wages. rather than enjoyment.
          • bowles and gintis agree with althusser that the education system socialises WC and MC pupils to be passive workers.
            • interactionalists- Willis- pupils are not as passive as suggested by Bowles and Gintis
              • 'The lads'-study by Willis, pupils don't conform to school rules and form anti school subcultures. disobey rules and mess about in lessons
  • bowles and gintis agree with althusser that the education system socialises WC and MC pupils to be passive workers.
    • interactionalists- Willis- pupils are not as passive as suggested by Bowles and Gintis
      • 'The lads'-study by Willis, pupils don't conform to school rules and form anti school subcultures. disobey rules and mess about in lessons

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all Education resources »