Outline and evaluate one model of the formation of romantic relationships

Essay plan to answer 24 mark exam question.

Each paragraph seperate.

Read from light to dark.

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Kelsie
  • Created on: 29-05-14 16:13
View mindmap
  • Outline + evaluate one model of the formation of romantic relationships
    • 4
      • Evaluating: must become aware = factors not outlined may influence formation
        • e.g Hays found students value GIVING + RECEIVING
          • Suggests model too simplistic
    • 9
      • Model is determinist
      • suggests we form relationships because they're rewarding
        • strips us of free will
      • Too much emphasis on behavioural approach
      • Could be suggested, from cognitive view, it is the way we view an individual which influences formation
    • 3
      • Also find people rewarding through association
      • If meet someone in pleasant mood = associate them w/ that mood
        • May + Hamilton support this
      • M + H found: female students who were asked how attractive they found a strangers photo, voted stranger as better looking when listening to pleasant music compared to unpleasant/no music.
    • 5
      • Also cultural bias.
      • Social relationships in non-western cultures = little concern for rewards
      • Hill found: kinship bonds were influential + did not rely on rewards.
        • suggests model reductionist.
          • Clear there are other factors which influence formation - not just rewards
    • 8
      • Research into reward model, + model itself, fails to look at individual differences
        • e.g. what a person looks for may change with age
      • May + Hamilton provide support for model with students
        • Not representative of all age groups
          • e.g. single parents may look for a partner suitable for children
    • 2
      • Argyle = rewarding individuals are liked the most
      • Example of positive reinforcement= non-verbal signs (smiling)
        • Smiling = sign of liking
      • May be negatively reinforced = being helped in time of need
      • Both increase liking
    • 1
      • Byrne + Clore = reward/need satisfaction model
      • According to model = relationships formed because they're rewarding
      • Rewarded in 2 ways:
        • Operant conditioning (direct reinforcement)
        • Classical conditioning (through association)
    • 6
      • Gender differences which model failed to account for
      • Lott found: women socialised to be more attentive to needs of other rather than their own.
        • Suggesting model is reductionist doesn't represent these differences
    • 7
      • Alternative model: The matching hypothesis
      • Received support from data in real world: correlation studies e.g. Murstein
      • Murstein: strong evidence for matching hypothesis in real couples
        • + weakens reward/need model
          • Provides evidence it takes a simplistic view + fails to consider other factors


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Relationships resources »