social learning theory

  • Created by: imyimss
  • Created on: 01-10-18 18:23
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  • learning through observing others and imitating behaviours that are rewarded
    • OUTLINE THE SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY
      • MODELLING
        • MODEL - the person who sets the standards and carries our the behaviour/ attitude to be learnt
      • IDENTIFICATION
      • IMITATION
        • determinant
          • observers perceived ability to perform the behaviour
            • characteristics of model
              • observed consequences of behaviour
      • ROLE OF MEDIATIONAL PROCESSES
        • internal mental processes that exist between stimulus (environment/external) and response made my the individual
        • observer forms mental representation of the behaviour and probably consequences in future outcomes
        • when appropriate individual might display learned behaviour that expectation of positive consequences is greater than negative
      • VICARIOUS REINFORCEMENT
        • learning through observing someone else being reinforce for that behaviour
        • not through direct reinforcement
      • BANDURA
        • main scholar for operant conditioning and SLT
        • Bobo Doll experiment which found children who saw a model being rewarded for aggression then showed aggression in their play
    • nowadays knowns as 'social cognitive theory' to acknowledge importance of meditational processes
  • VICARIOUS REINFORCEMENT
    • learning through observing someone else being reinforce for that behaviour
    • not through direct reinforcement
  • learning where individuals learn a particular behaviour by observing other individuals performing that behaviour
    • MODELLING
      • MODEL - the person who sets the standards and carries our the behaviour/ attitude to be learnt
  • live model - teacher, parent
  • symbolic model - someone in the media, TV character
  • action of using someone / something as a model and copying their behaviour
    • IMITATION
      • determinant
        • observers perceived ability to perform the behaviour
          • characteristics of model
            • observed consequences of behaviour
  • extent to which an individual relates to a model and feels that he/she is similar
    • IDENTIFICATION
    • Shutts et al - children more likely to identify + learn from models who are similar to them
      • especially same sex

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