Other Sites

  • Created by: Ruthfeath
  • Created on: 18-05-18 11:10
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  • Other Sites
    • Midea
      • Mycenaean citadel settlement - Dendra 2km away
      • Built on hill 170m above surrounding area
      • About halfway between Mycenae & Tiryns, 6km east of Argos
      • Surrounded by fortification wall from 1200BC - protects upper hill & lower terraces
      • Citadel has 2 gates on East and West sides
      • Impressive rectangular building on lower terraces
      • Ashy, grey soil suggests site was destroyed c.1200BC, shortly after construction of wall - natural disaster or invasion
      • 3rd in importance after Mycenae & Tiryns - Castleden
      • Circuit walls enclosed 24,000 sq metres of acropolis and terraces
      • East Gate led to Inner Gate, a passageway between two massive walls - the same as Tiryns
      • West Gate partly defended by extension of fortification wall to make a bastion -like Lion Gate
        • Inside West Gate was a series of workshops built on terraces parallel to circuit wall
      • Ordinary household pottery & finely decorated high-status pottery from 1250-1200BC have been found
      • Jewellery discovered in citadel
      • Large terracotta figure of goddess found - similar to large wheel made idols found at shrines in Mycenae & Tiryns
      • Citadel similar to Mycenae and Tiryns - group of palace buildings, shrines, workshops, homes, fortification walls
      • Dendra
        • Bronze Cuirass
        • Dog bones mixed with human bones, Pit in the floor of the tholos tomb near the doorway
          • Evidence of human sacrifice - Schofield
            • Known examples of human sacrifice at Mycenae & Argos usually involved a skeleton found under the packing stones blocking the door to the burial chamber or lying just above the level of the doorway in soil used to fill the dromos
              • Untitled
        • Domestic style bronze vessels
        • Octopus Cup, 1400BC
        • Remains of footstools
        • Bronze shoulder protector
    • Vapheio
      • Vapheio Tholos
        • Only tholos tomb that was not robbed - can be used to interpret what other tholoi may have contained
        • Thought to have been for a chieftain's burial - included one cist grave in a pit in the chamber floor in the northern part of the tholos
        • Chieftain is richly adorned with jewellery and was accompanied by personal items & many weapons
        • Chieftain probably ruled nearby settlement of Palaiopyrgi
        • 24 seals were symmetrically arranged towards the southern & northern walls
        • Western short side of the cist grave included a variety of grave goods
          • Weapons: 1 sword, 2 spearheads, 6 knives
          • Vessels: 1 silver bowl, 2 alabaster vases, 2 stone vases, 4 cups
          • Metals: 10 bronze discs, 1 tube of corrugated bronze sheet, 5 lead discs
          • Other: mirror, 2 lamps, 1 incense burner, 80 amethyst beads, 2 seals
        • Northern long side of cist grave
          • Dagger with gold ornaments on the handle - decorated with scenes of men swimming
          • 2 silver cups
          • Gold & bronze ring
          • 1 shallow silver bowl & 2 small silver objects
        • Eastern side of cist grave
          • 2 axes
          • Knife
          • 4 lead discs
        • Grave goods can be used to support the variety & extent of trade in the Mycenaean civilisation
          • Amber beads from the Baltic
          • Imports from Minoan Crete - ring of iron, precious and rare metal at the time
        • Specific Grave Goods
          • Bronze dagger shaped like a flying fish
          • Bronze scales & lead weights
          • Gold ring with bezel shaped like a rosette & hoop with cloisonné decoration
          • Untitled
      • Vapheio Cups
        • Lay at each hand of the chieftain - one gold, one silver
        • Have given their name to all cups of the same shape - beaker shaped with a square handle
        • Decorated in repousse with scenes of bull hunting & capture - one scene is peaceful, the other is more violent
        • Quality of decoration is excellent -probably not everyday drinking ware, but resembled the shape of a drinking vessel
        • Thought that the more peaceful cup is of Minoan manufacture and the more violent is Mycenaean

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