Othello

  • Created by: Frizbee26
  • Created on: 03-04-17 16:11
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  • Setting
    • Othello:Social Historical Context
      • Position of women
        • Women had few legal rights
          • Unable to inherit title or money
          • Often belonged to their father or husband- possessions
          • Not educated and couldn't work
        • The Great Chain of Being
          • God
            • Angels
              • Kings/Gueens
                • Men
                  • Women
                    • Animals
                    • Women are placed just above animals and below men. Lack status.
                      • Thought of as intelectually and morally inferior
                        • Husbands would control their wife as they thought lack of intellect would lead them to cheat
                        • Women taught to be obedient to men
                          • Disobedience though of an act against God
        • Double standards
          • Women who were sexually active were looked down more than men are
        • Iago is a clear example of a misogynist- a contemporary for his time? (the usual)
        • Women put on a pedestal e.g.Desdemona by Othello
          • 'Virgin'-'whore' dichotemy
      • Origin
        • Story is based on the italian novel by Cinthio written in 1556
      • Racism
        • 'Moor'/ 'Black moor' contraction of 'Black as a moor'
          • 'Moor'- derogatory term for black people
            • Some North Africans were leftover from when the muslim Arabs ruled over Spain
              • Predominant religion of 'Moors' was Islam
                • Eventually made to convert to Christianity
              • Two distinct ethnic groups involved in Muslim conquest of Spain and hance came to be known as 'Moors'
                • 'Berbers'-original inhabitant of Barbary Coast, the Medititerranean shore of Northwest Africa
                  • Conquered and converted to Islam by the Arabs
                    • Had typically much darker skin than Arabs
                      • 'Moor' could refer to an Arab or Berber but there are numerous references to Othello being black so is a Berber
            • Used commonly by Elizabethans as term for brown or darker than average European
            • Mixed-race marriages very rare
              • Adds to tension and dislike Brabantio has of Othello
            • Othello as a black person is an obvious outsider who is aware of the racism that surrounds him
              • These fuel his insecurities
      • Beliefs
        • Religious
          • 7 Deadly Sins
            • Deadly sin- a spiritual vice or behaviours indulged
              • These corrode and corrupt the soul
                • 7 sins
                  • Greed
                  • Envy
                    • Envy Vs. Jealousy
                      • Envy- wanting something that belongs to someone else
                      • Jealousy- feeling of insecurities and possesive over posessions
                        • Jealousy isn't explicitly a sin but is regarded as such
                          • During Medieval and Elizabethan times considered jealousy as...
                            • a sudden infection (of the spirit and mind), spiritual disease
                            • eroded trustand broke down bonds of family and society
                            • very much a theme in public consciousness and well recognised theme in drama, poetry (like today)
                  • Pride
                  • Wrath
                    • Uncontrollable vening of anger/revenge
                  • Lust
                  • Gluttony
                    • Greed/excess in eating
                  • Sloth
                    • Idle laziness
          • 7 Heavenly virtues
            • Heavenly virtue- qualities that elevate a person's soul
              • 7 Virtues
                • Patience
                • Diligence
                  • If do something do it with lots of effort and dedication
                • Chastity
                • Humility
                  • Not acting out if ego or being big headed, modesty
                • Charity
                • Temperance
                  • Balance responses to things, level headed
              • Desdemona posses many of these
                • Explains sterotypical female role
                • Seen as role model
    • Venice and Cyprus late 16th century
      • Wrote in Elizabethan Era (1558-1603)
        • Sterotypes from Elizabethan Era
          • Venetian women-beautiful, sexually tolerant
            • Courtesan= upercclass, wealthy prostitute
          • Venetian men= flamboyant, aggressive, jealous, quick tempered
      • During the Turkish-Venetian War
        • Turks- ruled by the Ottoman Empire. Islamic
          • Cyprus was conquered by the Turks during the war
        • Venetian- ruled by the Venetian Empire. Christian
  • Thought of as intelectually and morally inferior
    • Husbands would control their wife as they thought lack of intellect would lead them to cheat
    • Women taught to be obedient to men
      • Disobedience though of an act against God

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