oscar wilde context

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  • oscar wilde
    • culturally influenced by
      • Late-Victorian society was haunted by the implications of Darwinism- outlined in On the Origin of Species and the Descent of Man- faith vs doubt had been tipped into doubt.
        • The final chapter of The Descent of Man contains a passage in which Darwin says humans are ‘descended from a hairy, tailed quadruped’ which, via several intermediary stages, had itself evolved ‘from some amphibian-like creature, and this again from some fish-like animal’- 
      • influential Italian criminologist Cesare Lombroso argued that the ‘born criminal’ could be recognised. 
        • Dorian Gray plays on this idea- he is so beautiful so surely he must be innocent? Painting hides his horrors.
      • aestethicism
        • Dark desires and forbidden pleasure are at the centre of The Picture of Dorian Gray.
    • fin de siecle/ victorian gothic
      • time of change
        • darwin's theory of evolution inspired works on the human body
          • frankenstein
          • dracula
        • Victorian period is also of course a period of deep and sustained religious revival.
      • focus n human body as place of terror.
      • fin-de-siècle literature explored the darkest recesses of Victorian society and the often disturbing private desires that lurked behind acceptable public faces.
      • Strongly influenced by the French writers, Charles Baudelaire and Théophile Gautier- agreed that poetry had nothing to do with didacticism (the teaching of moral lessons)
    • victorian societal standards
      • facades of purity and composure
        • hiding dark recesses of victorian society
    • homosexuality
      • illegal
      • accused of being a 'somdomite'
  • id ego super ego
    • pyschoanalysis
      • oscar wilde
        • culturally influenced by
          • Late-Victorian society was haunted by the implications of Darwinism- outlined in On the Origin of Species and the Descent of Man- faith vs doubt had been tipped into doubt.
            • The final chapter of The Descent of Man contains a passage in which Darwin says humans are ‘descended from a hairy, tailed quadruped’ which, via several intermediary stages, had itself evolved ‘from some amphibian-like creature, and this again from some fish-like animal’- 
          • influential Italian criminologist Cesare Lombroso argued that the ‘born criminal’ could be recognised. 
            • Dorian Gray plays on this idea- he is so beautiful so surely he must be innocent? Painting hides his horrors.
          • aestethicism
            • Dark desires and forbidden pleasure are at the centre of The Picture of Dorian Gray.
        • fin de siecle/ victorian gothic
          • time of change
            • darwin's theory of evolution inspired works on the human body
              • frankenstein
              • dracula
            • Victorian period is also of course a period of deep and sustained religious revival.
          • focus n human body as place of terror.
          • fin-de-siècle literature explored the darkest recesses of Victorian society and the often disturbing private desires that lurked behind acceptable public faces.
          • Strongly influenced by the French writers, Charles Baudelaire and Théophile Gautier- agreed that poetry had nothing to do with didacticism (the teaching of moral lessons)
        • victorian societal standards
          • facades of purity and composure
            • hiding dark recesses of victorian society
        • homosexuality
          • illegal
          • accused of being a 'somdomite'
    • basil is super ego
  • henry as id
    • id ego super ego
      • pyschoanalysis
        • basil is super ego

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