Origins of The First Crusade

Mindmap of the origins of the first crusade - it is fabulous xoxoxoxo

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  • Created by: Rose
  • Created on: 16-03-14 10:58
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  • Origins of The First Crusade
    • MIDDLE EAST
      • Seljuks expanding into Anatolia, Baghdad had NOMINAL CONTROL over them
        • Sunni Revival
      • Power vacuum
        • 1092 Malik Shah sultan, 1098 Sunni Abbasid Caliph al Muqtadi + Shi'a Fatamid Caliph al Mustansir DIED
        • Decline of centralised power
    • ALEXIUS IN TROUBLE
      • Lost Antioch 1085 + Nicea sieized 1095 by Kilij Arslan
      • Why Did He Ask For Help?
        • Robert of Flanders fought for him 1091/2 with 500 men
        • 1094 coup by own briother
      • Council of Piacenza 1095 sent letter to Urban II
    • URBAN'S CRUSADE
      • Jerusalem is Arab Muslim city since 638
      • pilgrims robbed - German pilgrimage 1065
      • St Augustine'of Hippo 'Just War'
      • 'chansons de geste' + peace of God
      • A New Direction?
        • increased piety; Gregory VII 1073 purifying church
      • 60,000 SET OFF
    • COUNCIL OF CLERMONT nov. 1095
      • dealing with Phillip I marriage
      • preached to thousands - 80 bishops, rehearsed
        • eastern christians under attack by 'Persians', liberate Jerusalem, "penance"
          • CANON 9
          • 'Deus Volt' God Will's it

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