Origins of the Cold War

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  • Origins of the Cold War
    • Ideologies
      • USSR
        • USSR was a communist country.
        • Individual rights were closely controlled.
        • USSR was a one party dictatorship
      • America
        • America was capitalist.
        • The freedom and rights of each person was important.
        • America had a democratic government.
        • USA became susupicious of USSR's aims.
      • An ideology is a set of beliefs and characteristics.
      • USA fears Russia want to spread Communism.
      • Russia fear that the US want to eradicate Communism
    • Cold War: A war of words
    • Yalta Conference
      • Leaders
        • Winston Churchill
        • Franklin Roosevelt
        • Joseph Stalin
      • Germany was to be divided into four zones
      • Berlin was to be divided as well
      • Nazi war criminals were to be hunted down
      • A UN (United Nation) was to be set up
      • Free elections were to be held in Eastern Europe.
      • Potsdam Conference
        • This was held just after the war.
        • Leaders
          • Roosevelt had died and was replaced by Truman
            • Truman was a lot more suspicious of Stalin than Roosevelt
          • Churchill was replaced by Clement Atlee
          • Joseph Stalin
        • Only 2 decisions that were made at Yalta were confirmed at Potsdam
          • Division of Germany and Berlin into four zones of occupation
          • Nazi war criminals were to be tied for their crimes.
    • Atomic Bomb
      • In July 1945, they carried out a success test of the bomb.
      • Stalin was not told that it was being tested.
      • US believed that it would save 1 million soldiers.
      • Hiroshima
        • August 6th, 1945 at 8:15 am.
        • Enola gay dropped the bomg
        • Within minutes around 70,000 people were dead.
        • Destroyed 70,000 of the 78,000 buildings.
        • Nagasaki
          • Dropped in 9th August.
          • Killed 36,000 people instantly
          • By August 10th, Japan had surrendered to America.
      • Effects of the atomic bomb
        • Exploded with a force of 20,000 tons of TNT.
        • People were vaporized.
        • Fires burned in Hiroshima for 3 days.
        • Many people today still suffer from radiation exposure.
        • America began to build bigger and better weapons.
    • Communism
      • A controlled economy
      • Fairness and Equality
      • Lower average standard of living
      • Any profit made goes to the state
      • Capitalism
        • A free economy
        • Any person free to start a buisness
        • Any profits made is yours to keep as a reward.
        • Standard of living differs: Rich and Poor
        • Democratic governments.
      • There is only one government party
    • Capitalism
      • A free economy
      • Any person free to start a buisness
      • Any profits made is yours to keep as a reward.
      • Standard of living differs: Rich and Poor
      • Democratic governments.
    • Iron Curtain
      • The Iron Curtain symbolized the ideological conflict and physical boundary dividing Europe into two separate areast
      • It is a theoretical divide that was part of a speech by Winston Churchill in America,
  • Communism
    • A controlled economy
    • Fairness and Equality
    • Lower average standard of living
    • Any profit made goes to the state
    • There is only one government party

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TheOtherSide.

Very detailed with topics organised in a way that's easy to understand.

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