Origins of the League of Nations

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  • Origins of the League of Nations
    • 1916
      • Senior British politician Lord Robert Cecil submitted idea advocating an international organisation to settle future disputes between nations and to hep preserve world peace
        • Leon Bourgeois (represented France) and Paul Hymans (represented Belgium) made similar proposals to their own governments
    • 1918
      • (January) President Wilson gives 14 Points speech
        • Wilson labelled the strongest advocate of the league
          • Set up the Covenant (list of rules by which the league would operate)
            • The commission consisted of 2 reps from USA, Britain, France, Italy and Japan. Along side 1 rep from Belgium, China, Portugal, and Serbia (reps from Czec, Greece, Poland and Romania added later)
      • Jan Smuts of South Africa, published 'The League Of Nations: A Practical Suggestion'
      • Set up the Covenant (list of rules by which the league would operate)
        • The commission consisted of 2 reps from USA, Britain, France, Italy and Japan. Along side 1 rep from Belgium, China, Portugal, and Serbia (reps from Czec, Greece, Poland and Romania added later)
    • 1919
      • (Jun) LON established
        • 42 states became founding members of the League
          • Each state signed the covenant, series of articles that outlined the organisational structure and the methods by which the League would achieve its objectives
      • 11 April, commission accepted - draft of covenant written by Cecil Hurst (Britain) and David Miller (USA). Few additional minor amendments were made in 1924
        • Wilson insisted the LON's covenant was included in each separate peace treaties that emerged from Paris peace talks
      • (Oct) Wilson awarded Nobel Peace Prize for role in establishing the League
    • Original Members
      • Argentina, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Cuba, Czech, Denmark, El Salvador France
      • Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, Italy, Japan, Liberia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway
      • Panama, Paraguay, Persia, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Siam, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, South Africa, UK, Uruguay, Venezuela, Yugoslavia

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