Cold war part 1 revision

  • Created by: Carys._
  • Created on: 19-01-19 11:59
View mindmap
  • Early Tensions between East and West
    • Outcomes of Tehran
      • USA & UK to invade Nazi occupied France
      • USSR would join the war against Japan once Germany was defeated
    • US-Soviet relations after the development of the atom bomb
      • End to WW2
      • Started the "Arms Race"
      • USSR created the 'Buffer Zone'
      • Both sides were reluctant to go to war
      • 12,000 Japanese civilians killed
    • The Grand Alliance and underlying tensions (WW2)
      • The Grand Alliance consisted of 3 very powerful men known as "The Big Three".
        • Winston Churchill, Prime minister of Britain.
        • Franklin D. Roosevelt, President of the USA
          • Both of these democratically elected leaders believed strongly in capitalism
            • Winston Churchill, Prime minister of Britain.
          • FDR understood the need to compromise to defeat the common enemy, where as Stalin was more agressive
            • Both of these democratically elected leaders believed strongly in capitalism
          • Joseph Stalin, Communist leader of the Soviet Union /USSR
            • There were disagreements between the countries and tensions were high. Churchill and Stalin were both suspicious of each other and were determined to keep their country's ideology.
              • FDR understood the need to compromise to defeat the common enemy, where as Stalin was more agressive
            • Set up to fight their common enemy during WW2
              • This did not change the way the countries viewed each other.
        • Potsdam
          • Arguments over boundries
            • Germany split into 4 zones of occupation
          • Each country could take reparations from the sector of Germany they controlled
            • Arguments over how much the USSR could take in reparations
          • No sign of Stalin allowing free elections in Europe
          • Communist government established in Poland and Eastern Europe
        • Long and Novikov Telegrams
          • USA believed that the Ussr would back down if they faced strong opposition
            • This belief mean that the USA did not think of negotiation for decades
          • Soviets developed as much protection as possible.
        • Iron Curtain Speech,1946
          • Delivered by ex prime minister, Churchill
          • USSR strengthened forces and  propaganda
          • More communist governments established
          • increased tensions
        • Yalta
          • United Nations were set up
          • Stalin was offered influence over Eastern Europe
            • Known as the "sphere of influence"
              • Britain worried about Stalin spreading communism to Eastern European countries.
          • Germany split into 4 zones of occupation
          • USSR join war against Japan
        • Creation of Soviet satellite sates
          • formed the"Buffer Zone"
          • Stalin reluctant to give up land
          • pro soviet governments set up in these countries
            • Worsened relations

      Comments

      No comments have yet been made

      Similar History resources:

      See all History resources »See all The Cold War resources »