Cells

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Jessica
  • Created on: 13-12-12 22:02
View mindmap
  • Organelles
    • Eukaryotic (Animal,plant and fungal cells)
      • Mitochondria
        • Funtion: aerobic respiration, releases energy as ATP
        • Has a double membrane which forms matrix and cristae
      • Golgi Aparatus
        • Function: Transports materials from RER to the cell membrane
        • Flattened membrane vesicles from ER
      • Lysosomes
        • Membrane bound vesicles containing digestive enzymes
        • Function: Breakdown unwanted chemicals/toxins/ organelles
      • Rough endoplasmic reticulum
        • RER covered in ribosomes which synthesise proteins to be processed by the RER before exportation
      • Cytoplasm
        • Solution within cell membrane, contains enzymes for metabolic reactions.
      • Nucleus
        • Surrounded by nuclear envelope, double membrane with nuclear pores.
  • Prokaryotic
    • Organelles
      • Eukaryotic (Animal,plant and fungal cells)
        • Mitochondria
          • Funtion: aerobic respiration, releases energy as ATP
          • Has a double membrane which forms matrix and cristae
        • Golgi Aparatus
          • Function: Transports materials from RER to the cell membrane
          • Flattened membrane vesicles from ER
        • Lysosomes
          • Membrane bound vesicles containing digestive enzymes
          • Function: Breakdown unwanted chemicals/toxins/ organelles
        • Rough endoplasmic reticulum
          • RER covered in ribosomes which synthesise proteins to be processed by the RER before exportation
        • Cytoplasm
          • Solution within cell membrane, contains enzymes for metabolic reactions.
        • Nucleus
          • Surrounded by nuclear envelope, double membrane with nuclear pores.
    • Have no membrane bound organells
    • Circular loop of DNA lies free lies in the cytoplasm
    • Example: Cholera: Has flagellum to swim through liquids, A cell wall, ribosomes
    • Average diameter = 0.5-20µm
  • Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
    • Membrane channels involved in transportation and synthesis
      • Process substances like lipids for use within the cell

    Comments

    No comments have yet been made

    Similar Biology resources:

    See all Biology resources »See all Cellular processes and structure resources »