Organic Chemistry

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Organic Chemistry
    • Alcohols
      • Functional Group -OH
      • E.g. MethanOL
      • Dissolve in water to form neutral solutions
      • Good solvents
      • React with sodium to produce hydrogen
      • Burnt in air to form carbon dioxide and water
      • Can be oxidised to form carboxylic acids
        • Either by chemical oxidising agents
        • Or by microbial action
    • Carboxylic Acids
      • Functional group -COOH
      • E.g. MethANOIC ACID
      • Formed by oxidation of alcohols
        • Either by chemical oxidising agents
        • Or by microbial action
      • Disolve in water to form acidic solutions
      • React with carbonates to produce carbon dioxide
        • E.g. Sodium carbonate
      • React with alcohols to form esters
        • Slow reaction - concentrated  acid (e.g. sulfuric) is used as a catylst
    • Esters
      • Functional group -COO
      • Made by reaction of alcohols with carboxylic acids
        • Slow reaction - concentrated acid (e.g. sulfuric) is used as a catylst
      • Distinctive smells
        • Very volitile
          • Low boiling points
            • Readily evaporate
              • Easily reach scent receptors in nose
      • Can be made artificially
        • Or extracted from fruits
      • E.g. MeTHYL METHANOATE

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Chemistry resources:

See all Chemistry resources »See all Organic and Green Chemistry resources »