Opposition to the National Government

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  • Created by: Millie
  • Created on: 24-03-13 00:18
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  • Opposition to the National Governments of '31-'39
    • Conclusion: opposition groups weren't very successful at all.
      • National Government was very strong
    • The Communist Party of Great Britain ( CPGB). The Great Depression of 29 helped it- party membership doubled. In 1938 it had  16, 000 members. Failure:more of an ideological group than an action group
      • Not much hope of Communism ever  succeeding in Britain
        • Most working class people remained faithful  to Labour
        • Most of the unemployed were apolitical
        • Despite hardships, British people tended to stay clear of extreme politcs
      • Left wing- book club
        • Only been set up in 1936 but it had 50 000 members by 1937
        • Thousands were attending the discussion groups every fortnight
        • Sold literature but didn't really oppose the government
    • Split in the Liberals
      • Samuelities  and Simonities. Very few MPs  ( 33 and 35 each) Samuelities left government on protectionism  and Simonities joined the opposition. In 1935 they only pulled 6.4% of the  vote
        • Heavily divided
    • BUF <- Fascism.
      • Was not seen as a respectable party
        • Was very violent and anti Semitic
          • Lewd to the Public  Order' Act of 1936, which banned the wearing of political uniforms and gave the police new powers to ban political processions
          • Many people in Britain didn't agree with anti- Semitism
      • 50 000 members in '34  plus it was sponsored by the Daily Mail
    • Labour: greatly unsucessful
      • Had been the largest party in '29 but had a mere 52 MPs in the next election
      • The Socialist League- wanted Labour to become affiliated with it so that they could put up a  'united front', but Labour leaders would no agree. Labour  was committed to democratic  socialism  not extremism / communism
    • The National Unemployed Workers' movement
      • Wanted to ' publicize the plight of the ordinary worker
        • Never attracted more than a tiny percentage of the unemployed
          • Wal Hannigton - leader- was imprisoned three times + difficult  finances for the movement
      • Orgranized the Jarrow hunger march
      • Organized lots of petitions


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