Opposition and Resistance - Germany

  • Created by: RConwa_y
  • Created on: 07-05-18 17:04
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  • Opposition and Resistance
    • The opposition
      • Communists
        • Large city cells. They attacked Nazis through propaganda and established the Red Orchestra to communicate with Moscow
      • Social Democrats
        • Banned as a political party. They produced anti-Nazi propaganda to keep the socialist message alive
      • Trade Unions
        • They were weakened by arrests after 1933-34 but continued striking in 1935-36 and 1945
      • Churches
        • Bishop Galen attacked euthanasia. Most adopted a pragmatic response and preserved religious practices
      • Youth
        • The Swing Youth, Edelweiss Pirates and Roving Dudes acted in an anti-Nazi way by playing dance and jazz music - they disliked the Hitler Youth
      • Students
        • White Rose issued pamphlets condemning Nazi values
      • Conservatives
        • The Kreisau Circle included officers, aristocrats, academics and churchmen who drew plans for post-Nazi Germany
      • The Army
        • Slow development due to the Army Oath and early military success. Army support for Hitler after Stalingrad and some commanders began to plot and under Stauffenberg's bomb plot
    • Why was there so little opposition?
      • The economic miracle meant life improved and there were more jobs people were willing to accept
      • People were frightened of the Gestapo and concentration camps
      • Opposition groups were divided. They had different agendas
      • The Nazis abbandoned some popular policies such as, after criticism of Kristallnacht, anti-Jewish measures were performed in secret


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