Operant conditioning

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  • Created by: z_mills1
  • Created on: 29-05-14 15:28
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  • Operant conditioning
    • Learning based on strengthening the relationship between stimulus and response/S-R bond
    • Trial and error learning
      • Learner associates consequences of previous action with current situation
    • shaping the environment to manipulate behaviour - to get the desired action
      • e.g. use of targets, make practice easier
    • Positive reinforcement
      • use of praise, rewards, self-satisfaction to encourage correct behaviour
    • Negative reinforcement
      • when the adverse stimulus is withdrawn when the desired response occurs
      • eg in a rugby match, the coach criticises poor play
      • coach stops criticising when skill is successful
    • Punishment
      • seeks to break the S-R bond because the wrong response is being given
      • should be used carefully to avoid lowering the player's confidence


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