operant conditioning

  • Created by: imyimss
  • Created on: 01-10-18 16:24
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  • OPERANT CONDITIONING
    • TYPES OF CONSEQUENCES
      • positive reinforcement
        • pleasant / satisfying consequence
      • negative reinforcement
        • removing /escaping form an unpleasant consequence
      • punishment
        • provides an unpleasant consequence
          • negative punishment
          • decreases chances of behaviour occurring again
    • weaknesses
      • animals learn unnatural behaviours that they wouldn't do it the wild (pushing leavers)
      • animal testing has ethical issues and lack of mundane realism
      • innate abilities that adapt a species to its environment
    • strengths
      • explains wide range of phenomena - language and phobias
      • practical applications such as training animals
      • findings are easily replicable as controlled experiments
    • SKINNER"S BOX
      • demonstrates the success of repeated actions through negative and positive reinforcement
    • WEISS + WILSON
      • operant conditioning has animal training benefits
  • negative consequence by giving something
    • positive punishment
      • provides an unpleasant consequence
        • negative punishment
        • decreases chances of behaviour occurring again
  • negative consequence by removing something
    • doesn't take cognitive factors into account (reasoning)
      • weaknesses
        • animals learn unnatural behaviours that they wouldn't do it the wild (pushing leavers)
        • animal testing has ethical issues and lack of mundane realism
        • innate abilities that adapt a species to its environment
    • positive reinforcement - pressing leaver to receive food
      • SKINNER"S BOX
        • demonstrates the success of repeated actions through negative and positive reinforcement
      • negative reinforcement- avoid electric shock by pressing leaver
      • punishment - rat gets a shock if it presses the leaver
    • positive reinforcement to train tortoises to approach a target
      • WEISS + WILSON
        • operant conditioning has animal training benefits

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