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  • Openings
    • Tennyson
      • Godiva
        • Epilogue
          • Tennyson himself = inspired, hopes other will be inspired too
        • 'She / Did more, and underwent, and overcame'
          • Sets up contrast betw/Godiva + society
          • Heroic figure
            • Links to themes of passivity
          • Foreshadows / hints at actions in poem
      • Ulysses
        • 'idle king' 'I cannot rest from travel: I will drink/ Life to the lees'
          • Theme of passivity, like Godiva he can't bear to be idle
            • Difference is that his reasons are quite selfish - hers were selfless
            • Heroic figure?
        • 'Match'd with an aged wife, I mete and dole / Unequal laws unto a savage race'
          • Immediately characterises him as egotistical, ungrateful, doesn't care about his people or his loyal wife
    • Frost
      • The Wood -Pile
        • 'I will turn back from here. / No I will go on farther - and we shall see'
          • Uncertainty, indecisive narrator
          • Engages the reader, curious what the the narrator will find on his journey, where it will lead
        • 'Too much alike to mark or name a place by / So as to say for certain I was here / Or somewhere else'
          • As opposed to traditional openings, which set up setting, characters etc, very little is given
            • Ambiguity makes poem universal, the message regarding futility etc, can be applied to everyone because there is not set place/time
      • The Road Not Taken
        • Introduced extended metaphor - a choice in life represented by one in a wood
        • 'Two roads diverged in a yellow wood, / And sorry I could not travel both'
          • Autumnal, period of change
          • Immediately focuses on story, place etc
    • Enduring Love
      • Very climactic, structurally backwards, most climactic point at beginning not end
      • 'This was the moment, this was the pinprick on the timemap'
        • Left an unalterable mark on Joe and and Clarissa's history - significant moment in their lives
          • Seemingly small when put into perspective of their life history
      • 'What idiocy, to be racing into this story and its labyrinths, sprinting away from our happiness'
        • 'labyrinths' alternative outcomes, various different results, the aftermath was not fixed
      • 'rushing towards each other like lovers, innocent of the grief this entanglement would bring'
        • Irony, foreshadowing future events
    • The Great Gatsby
      • Nick
        • Characterises him as narrator
          • 'I'm inclined to reserve all judgements'
            • Trying to persuade reader that he is a reliable narrator
        • Characterises him as a person
          • 'My family have been prominent, well-to-do people'
            • Eager to prove himself, but also fit in - same uni as father, meant to look like great-uncle
      • 'it was what preyed on Gatsby, what foul dust floated in the wake of his dreams'
        • Foreboding, hints at Gatsby tragic end


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