Ontological

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  • Ontological
    • Anselm
      • 1st form
        • God is a being than which no greater can be conceived
          • must exist  'in re' and 'in intellectu'
            • £5  in reality is far greater then £500 in the mind
            • If God existed only in the mind then a being could be conceived which exists both in the mind and in reality, making it grater then God
          • God is a being than which nothing greater can be conceived
            • It is greater to exist in re than in in intellectu
              • God exists in re
      • 2nd form
        • Necessary existence is greater than contingent existence
          • 'If God was dependent on something in order to exist, surely a being could be conceived which is dependent on nothing  but itself to exist, and that would be greater then God
            • After all, A God that need not exist is not the greatest imaginable thing
      • Deductive argument
      • A Priori
    • Gaunilo
      • Island annalgy
        • think of the most perfect island 'an island in which no greater can be conceived'
          • because it is the greatest conceivable island then it must also exist in reality
        • The island has contingent existence'/
          • contingent = not existing
      • argument entitled 'on behalf of the fool
      • you cannot define something into existence
      • the island has no intrinsic maximum so it can be bettered. God cant - you cant compare them
        • A greater being cannot not exist
          • Gods existence is necessary
    • Descart
      • God is the sum of all perfections
        • Existence is a perfection
          • therefore God must have existance
        • Trying to imagine God without existence is like trying to imagine a triangle without three sides
      • God has an 'immutable' nature - part of Gods nature is that God exists
    • Kant
      • existence is not a predicate
        • adding existance to an object does not add to what the object is
          • saying something exists is merely a description
      • existence is part of the concept of God (an analytical statement) but it does not prove that God exists in reality
        • All philosophical statements about existence are synthetic - they need to be verified as true or false
      • the concept of a truly supreme being does not have to true  in reality
  • God is a being than which nothing greater can be conceived
    • Necessary existence  is greater than contingent existence
      • God exists necassarily
    • Necessary existence is greater than contingent existence
      • 'If God was dependent on something in order to exist, surely a being could be conceived which is dependent on nothing  but itself to exist, and that would be greater then God
        • After all, A God that need not exist is not the greatest imaginable thing

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