China One-Child Policy

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  • Created by: Bella B
  • Created on: 09-01-16 15:54
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  • Facts about China!
    • One Child Policy- CHINA
      • Impacts of the policy..                            (green is positive, blue is negative impacts)
        • Total fertility rate has fallen
          • 1970: 5.75    1990: 2.25   2000: 1.70
        • Infanticide
          • More females than males were dying in their first year of birth
          • Female babies being killed
        • Unbalanced sex ratio
          • More females than males were dying in their first year of birth
          • 1982-100:110 1990-100:111.7 (girls to boys)
        • Prostitution and slavery
          • Dramatic rise in levels of prostitution an buying/selling of women
            • Police freed 42,000 kidnapped women and children in 2001 and 2002
        • 4-1 problem
          • one adult child iis left to provide support for his or her 2 parents and 4 grandparents
        • Male babies considered more desirable
          • Males continue the family name and look after parents in old age- female children go to the husbands family
        • Regional Imbalances
          • 1999 national average BR= 15.2/1000, but in rural Tibet =23.2/1000, rural Qinghai =26.8/1000 and in urban Shanghai =5.4/1000
      • Why was it introduced?
        • In 1950 the rate of population change in China was 1.9 per cent each year.
          • If this doesn't sound high, consider that a growth rate of only 3 per cent will cause the population of a country to double in less than 24 years!
        • Previous Chinese governments had encouraged people to have a lot of children to increase the country's workforce.
          • by the 1970s the government realised that current rates of population growth would become unsustainable
      • Problems with the policy..
        • Those who had more than one child didn't receive these benefits and were fined.
        • Many people claim that some women, who became pregnant after they had already had a child, were forced to have an abortion and many women were forcibly sterilised.
        • Remote rural areas have been harder to control.
          • In rural areas it's traditional to have large families
      • Long-term implications..
        • fewer people of working age to support the growing number of elderly dependants -
          • Iin the future China could have an ageing population
    • China's 2010 population of 1.3 billion compares with 309 million in the USA and 61 million in the UK.
    • Chinas population is growing by 250,000 people a week.
      • Almost the population of a city the size of Nottingham.
    • There are 113 boys to every 100 girls (15 and under)
    • Beijing has almost twice the population of London, and covers ten times its area/
    • 16 of the worlds biggest urban areas are in China.
  • the falling birth rate - leading to a rise in the relative number of elderly people
    • Long-term implications..
      • fewer people of working age to support the growing number of elderly dependants -
        • Iin the future China could have an ageing population

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