Older People

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  • Created by: katy_d_3
  • Created on: 10-04-14 11:37
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  • Older People
    • Need less energy from food.
    • Under-nutrition is more of a problem than for young adults.
    • Smaller portions of nutritionally dense foods.
      • Can be used especially if the older person has lost their appetite.
    • Exercise is important to strengthen bones and muscles.
    • Sense of taste and smell change.
    • Their metabolism slows down and they are not as active. They may get diet-related problems, such as bone and digestive problems.
      • Osteoporosis(bones become fragile) is often found in older people.
    • Many elderly people eat less because of chewing difficulties or general ill health.
    • Often have increased nutritional needs because of diet or injury.
    • Poor nutrition leads to a slower recovery from illness, increased risk of infection and poor healing.
    • Efforts should be made to prevent weight loss and malnutrition, to give them a better quality of life.
    • Important nutrients.
      • Protein  needed for repair of tissues and body maintenance.
      • Calcium needed for bone health and repair.
      • Vitamin D works with calcium in bone formation.
      • Iron needed for healthy blood, older people may become anaemic.
      • Vitamin C helps iron absorption and wound healing.
      • Thiamin needed for energy metabolism.
      • Energy from starchy, fibre-rich carbohydrates. Need energy but food should be in smaller portions.


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