Offender treatments

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  • Offender Treatments
    • Behaviour Modification
      • Operant Conditioning
      • Developed by Ayllon
        • To build up desirable behaviour by reinforcing some behaviour & extinguishing others
    • Token Economies
      • Tokens that may be exchanged for material goods
      • Primary Reinforcers
        • Items that can be 'bought' with tokens
      • Selective Reinforcment
        • Selecting desirable behaviour for positive reinforcement
      • Privileges are removed as punishment for inappropriate behaviour
      • Evaluation
        • Rice- Failed to find long term benefits
        • HOBBS & HOLT
          • 3 institutes using TE saw increase in desirable behaviour compared to control institute YOUNG OFFENDERS
        • AYLLON & MILLAN
          • TE saw increase in desirable behaviour compared to control institute ADULT OFFENDERS
    • Social Skills Training
      • Social Skills
        • Personal Space
        • Eye Contact
        • Sharing
        • Turn Taking
      • Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
        • Faulty Thinking= Faulty Behaviour
        • Changing thinking will change behaviour
        • Becks Cognitive Triad
          • SITUATION
            • SELF
              • FUTURE
                • SITUATION
                  • SELF
                    • FUTURE
        • Cognitive behaviour programme
        • Micro Skills
          • Eye contact & Proximity
        • Macro Skills
          • Negotiating & Assertiveness
        • Taught through role play, instructions & feedback
          • Like SLT
      • Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
        • Faulty Thinking= Faulty Behaviour
        • Changing thinking will change behaviour
        • Becks Cognitive Triad
        • Anger Management
          • Hostile Aggression
            • Anger that is often predatory
          • Aims to turn hostile aggression to assertiveness
          • Instrumental Aggression
            • Anger has purpose (legitimate & allowed)
          • CALM
            • 1.Focusing
            • 2.Shown how physical arousal relates to performance
            • 3.Shown how irrational thoughts produce bad behaviour
            • 4.Given Social Skills Training
            • 5.Practice applying those skills
            • 6. Application
          • Ainsworth
            • Cognitive Preperation
              • Offenders analyse their angry behaviour & why its irrational
            • Skill Acquisition
              • Relaxation skills, Assertiveness training & conflict resolving skills
            • Application
              • Apply new skills to role play & real life

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