Causes of the 1905 Revolution - Russia

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  • Created by: Grace
  • Created on: 04-05-13 12:51
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  • Causes of the 1905 Revolution
    • Long term causes - social/economic
      • The middle class and intellegensia were increasingly at odds.
      • Towns and cities conditions were getting worse.
      • The growth of opposition.
      • Russia was still poor and relied on agriculture which was 80% of the income. Industry was only 20%
      • Long term problems became worse.
      • Economic depression.
      • 'Does it make a revolution inevitable'
    • Russo-Japanese War
      • January 1904.
      • The war was going badly - Port Arthur surrenders.
      • Best troops not in the country - unrest - incompetant.
      • Against the backdrop of the war.
      • Constantly there.
    • Nicholas II
      • Not popular by 1904 - not a good leader.
      • Remained committed to autocracy.
      • Educated by Pobedonostlv - talks about superiority - Russian (nationalistic).
      • Decided to go to war.
      • Refuses to give concessions.
      • Inflexible - wanted to reserve the autocracy.
      • Wanted to reserve the autocracy.
    • Political - Unrest/ Liberals/ Revolutionaries/ Soviets.
      • October Manifesto.
      • Strike - 2 1/2 million. They wanted better working hours
        • The workers tried to take over - Soviets - leadership
          • The Soviets raised money so people would have food.
          • The Soviets coordinated strike action and workers unions.
      • Revolutionaries wanted to infliltrate from the inside.
      • Some liberals (owners) carry on paying workers.
      • Driving force behind the revolution.
    • Bloody Sunday
      • Peaceful crowd were shot.
      • Led by Gapon.
      • Unrest until 1905 - no focus - uncoordinated.
      • Opposition united by Bloody Sunday.
      • Trigger for the revolution.
      • Glues the groups together.
    • Mutiny in the armed forces
      • Lack of food.
      • Army remains loyal to the tsar.
      • Not very significant.

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