Occupation

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  • Occupation
    • Inter-Organisational Communication
      • Communication that takes place between different organisations
    • Intra-Organisational Communication
      • Communication that takes place within an organisation
    • External Communication
      • Communicaton from an institution to an external group e.g consumers
    • Jargon: Special words or expressions that are used by a particular profession or group and are difficult for others to understand
      • Jargon is usually referred to as "technical speak" with the words based in reality, whereas slang is more often than not 'made up' terms used within social groups
        • It is inclusive to those in the workplace
          • It is the use of their own language e.g doctors
    • DREW AND HERITAGE 1992
      • In Talk at Work - identified some key differences between everyday conversation and workplace.
        • 1. Goal Orientation: Participants in the workplace usually focus on specific tasks or goals
          • 2. Turn taking rules/restrictions: In some professional contexts, there are special turn-taking rules in operation. Even when no words exist, may be unwritten restrictions on who speaks when e.g doctor asks the questions to the patient.
            • 3. Allowable Contributions: May be restrictions on what kind of contributions are considered "allowable."
              • 4. Profressional Lexis: profesional workplace context may be reflected in the lexical choice, used by the speakers
                • 5. Structured interactions
                  • 6. Asymmetry: often, one speaker has more power/special knowledge than the other, eg. boss and employee.
    • Speech Community: Is a term in sociolinguistics for a group of people who use the same variety of a language who share specific rules for speaking and interpreting speech.
      • The Study of Language, George Yule 2014
        • "speech is a form of social identity and is used, consciously or unconsciously, to indicate membership or different social groups or speech communities."
  • Exclusive to those not in the workplace
    • Those unaware of the language may feel inferior/less intelligent
    • Jargon is usually referred to as "technical speak" with the words based in reality, whereas slang is more often than not 'made up' terms used within social groups
      • It is inclusive to those in the workplace
        • It is the use of their own language e.g doctors
  • JOHN SWALES 1990
    • Defined discourse communities as "groups that have goals or purposes, and use communication to achieve these goals."
      • Discourse community: A group of people who share certain language-using practices.
        • HEWINGS +HEWINGS 2005
          • Martin Hewings defined it as "groups of people who share particular registers and use the kinds of texts in which registers occur"
  • Zdenek Salzmann - Language, Culture and Society 2004
    • To belong to a speech communitym you have to share enough characterisitcs of pronounciationm grammar, vocabulary, and manner of speaking.

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