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  • Created by: Katie
  • Created on: 25-03-14 15:18
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  • Definition = When you observe or watch behaviours to gain a better understanding of the human mind
    • Non paricipant observation
      • Definition = Observers only watch participants acts.
      • Strength = Observers are less likely to effect and situations or behaviours therefore behaviours will be more natural increasing ecological validity.
      • Weakness = Observers may not get a better insight to participants behaviours. This can be overcome by doing a participant observation.
    • Direct Observation
      • Definition = Reserach that observers have collected.
      • Strength = You can feel the atmosphere if you are in a room so you can get a better insight to peoples behaviour. This makes information more detailed increasing the validity.
      • Weakness = Observers may not be able to see all types of behaviour because theyare concentrating on another type of behaviour. This can be overcome having multiple observers to observers different areas of the room or condition.
    • Indirect Observation
      • Definition = Research that already had been collected.
      • Strength = When observing recordings that already have been collected you can pause and rewind behaviours to look at them in more detail so results are more reliable and valid.
      • Weakness = Recordings may not have captured all types of behaviours that are relevant for the aim of the investigation. This can be overcome by watching the observation directly and also recording it to make more notes.
    • Disclosed Observation
      • Definition = Participants know they are being observed.
      • Strength = Participants will be more willing to take part in the observation if they know they are being observed. This makes it easier to collect participants for observation.
      • Weakness = Participants might try to make themselves look better meaning behaviours are not natural. This can be overcome by carrying out a undisclosed observation.
    • Linking Observation to Freud: Freud used observation to study infantile sexuality. He used indirect research which was videoed by Han's father, to observe Han's behaviour. Freud discovered that Han's had sexual feelings towards his mother and that he was jealous because he wasn't getting enough attention from his mother. Results showed that Han's had anxiety and phobias which were caused by his mother telling him his ***** was going to be cut off and because he was jealous of his sister and father.


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