Observation

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: shadaye
  • Created on: 13-05-14 10:03
View mindmap
  • Observation
    • 3 main types of observation
      • natural
        • everything incuding varibles remain natural
          • high ecological validity
          • no control over IV
      • controlled
        • controlled variables in a controlled settings
          • controll over settings lowers the validity
          • high control over extraniouse variables
      • feild
        • controlled varibeles in a natural settings
          • control over variables and ecological validity
          • can't be sure extraneouse variables don't affect IV
    • sampleing
      • time
        • pre determine time and record eveyhing that happen in that time
      • event
        • recording an event everytime it happens
    • strengths
      • only way to see actual beahviour
      • has ecological validity
      • give an insight into behaviour
    • weaknesses
      • ethics
      • hawthorne effects
      • hard to replicate
    • observational designs
      • participant
        • resercher join the observation
          • insight into behaviour
          • observer bias
      • non - participant
        • resercher don't join the observation
          • no obsever bias or lost of objectivity
          • can't get an insight into observation
      • disclosed
        • participant know they are been studied
          • consent given
          • hawthorne effects
      • undisclosed
        • participant don't know that they are been studied
          • no consent
          • no hawthorne effects
      • structured
        • useing a pre determing behaviour list and tick off what happen
          • may miss important data
          • quantitative data - comparison
      • unsturctured
        • recording everything that happen
    • reliability and validity
      • inter - rater reliability or a piolot study
        • comparing results of two or more observer - strong positive correlation
      • observer bias and hawthorne effect
        • affects the validity of the observation

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Research methods and techniques resources »