Observasions

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  • Created by: chabs
  • Created on: 19-03-14 17:30
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  • Observastions
    • Types
      • Direct: Watching and recording behavior first hand.
      • Indirect: Observations made indirectly ie Tv programmes
      • Overt: Ppts are aware they are being obsereved
        • - Ppts are aware of the aim so may show signs of social desirability lowering validity
        • + Ppts are aware they are being observed so ethics is less likey to be a issue
      • Covert: Ppts are unaware they are being observed
        • + Natural behavior can be witnessed increasing validity
        • - Ethics may be a issue as ppts are being deceived
      • Participant: obserever is also a participant
        • + Provides inside information increasing validity due to a greater understanding on reasons for behaviour
        • - Lowers objectivity as the researcher becomes personally involved. Less valid due to researcher bias
      • Non-participant: observer merely observes behaviour
        • - Lowers objectivity as the researcher becomes personally involved. Less valid due to researcher bias
    • + Helps us identify behavior rather that relying on verbal accounts + Allow spontaneous and unexpected behavior to be recorded
    • - Ethics can be a issue as ppts are unaware they are being observed - Poorly designed checklists reduce rel - Observer bias
    • Time sampling
      • + Reduces the number of observations made / easier to record increasing reliability. - Not representative as behavior can be missed
    • Event sampling
      • + Useful when behavior occurs occasionally increases reliability. - Behavior may be missed is too much occurs at once

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