Obidience

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  • Obidience
    • Milgram
      • whether ordinary people will obey to authority, even when required to harm.
      • 40 male volunteers at yale university
        • Lacks population validity.
      • The participant (teacher) confederate (learner) experimenter
        • Ethical issues= deception, informed consent, protection
          • required to administer electric shocks they thought were real
      • required to administer electric shocks they thought were real
      • 100% went up to 300 volts and 65% went up to 450 volts.
      • Ordinary people are astonishingly obedient to authority.
    • Why people obey
      • Gradual commitment: it becomes harder to resist to do larger tasks.
      • Agentic shift: do it because they are not responsible for their actions.
      • Role of buffers: not in the room, don't see consequences
      • Justifying obidience
    • Resisting pressures to obey.
      • Status: when the experiment was moved out of Yale to a rundown office more people felt able to resist authority.

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