Obedience, Milgram Study

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  • Obedience, Milgram Study
    • Obedience is when someone acts in response to a direct order from auhority
    • Method
      • 40 men, aged 20-50
        • VOLUNTEERS to take part in a learning and memory study at Yale University, paid to do so
          • Participant was always the teacher, learner was a stooge
            • Teacher in room with experimenter. Teacher shocked learner for every incorrect answer to word pairs
              • Shocks increased in 15V intervals
              • If teacher hesitated, experimenter used verbal prods
                • EG. 'Please continue'
    • Results
      • All participants went to at least 300V, and 65% continued to the end
        • Psychologists predicted 1% to go to end
    • Conclusion
      • Ordinary people will obey to the point at which harm may be caused
      • Several ethical and methodological issues
    • Situational Factors Affecting Obedience
      • Several variations of experiment carried out
      • Location
        • Moved from Yale Uni to run down office block
          • Dropped to 47.5%
      • Proximity of learner
        • Learner/Victim moved to the same room
          • Obedience dropped to 40%
      • Proximity of authority
        • Orders given by telephone
          • Decrease obedience to 20.5%
      • Social Support
        • Two stooge teachers introduced.
          • At 150V, one stooge refused to continue
            • Obedience dropped to 10%
      • Peer administering shock
        • Participant ordered a stooge to give shock
          • Obedience increased to 92.5%

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