Social psychology - obedience

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  • Created by: Maddie
  • Created on: 17-02-13 14:34
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  • Obedience
    • Milgram 1963
      • Volunteers were introduced to Mr Wallace - the learner and they themselves were the teacher.
      • The teachers were instructed to teach a simple memory test and when the learners got it wrong they were given an increasingly painful electric shock.
      • 65% went up to the maximum voltage of 450 volts even when Mr Wallace cried out in pain and spoke of a heart condition.
      • Participants were deceived, suffered psychological harm and could not give conformed consent.
      • Some participants claimed that they had figured out the experiments purpose.
    • Factors affecting obedience
      • The setting of the experiment
        • When Milgram's  study was done in a seedy office instead of Yale university obedience dropped
      • Reducing the power of the experimenter
        • When the experimenter gave instructions over the phone obedience dropped.
      • Increasing awareness of the plight of the victim
        • When the learner was in the same room as the teacher obedience dropped.
    • Obedience in the field
      • Hoflings nurses
      • Bickman - the power of uniform
    • Validity of obedience research
      • Experimental realism
        • How only the variables have affected the experiment
      • Mundane realsim
        • How the experiment can be generalisef
    • Why do people obey?
      • Legitimate authority
        • The amount of social power held by the person who gives the instruction.
      • The authority figure takes responsibility
      • Graduated comittment
        • Becoming locked into stages of obedience
      • The authoritarian personality
        • Extreme respect for authority


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