Obedience mind map

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  • Created by: Sky
  • Created on: 07-12-12 21:31
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  • Obedience
    • Definition: Complying to the demands of someone of higher authority.
      • Can be good: Rules and laws to keep people under control. Recognition of which people hold authority positions and have the right to give orders.
      • Can be bad: If people follow bad orders which are given by an authority figure then it can be destructive. Eg: Hitler and the Nazis.
    • Case studies
      • Milgram (1963): 40 American males volunteered for a study of memory and learning. Met the "experimenter"and the learner (who was actually a confederate). The participant was told to give word pares to the learner and if he got them wrong he would get an electric shock, which would increase each time he got a wrong answer, from 15 volts to 450 volts. The learner was put into a separate room and the teacher was told he was wired up to the shock machine (which he really wasn't). This was fixed and the learner always got the word pares wrong. Pre-recorded reactions (screams and plees) were played from the room of the learner. If the teacher tried to get out of the experiment 5 verbal prods were said by the experimenter to try and make him carry on. 65% went all the way. 100% went to 300 volts.
      • Hofling et al (1966): A confederate Dr instructed 22 nurses to give his patient 20mg of an unfamiliar drug called Astrofen, though the maximum dose was 10mg. 21 of 22 nurses did as they were asked.
    • Explanations of obedience
      • Situational factors, rather than characteristics
      • Perception of legitimate authority, their power and status.
      • Agentic state, putting someone else as being responsible
      • Personal responsibility denied
      • Gradual commitment (foot in the door), sucked into a situation


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