Obedience: Milgram's research

  • Created by: ZoeRanger
  • Created on: 27-11-18 13:08
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  • Obedience: Milgram's research - Original Obedience Study (1963)
    • Findings and conclusions
      • Signs of extreme tension
        • Three seen to have 'full-blown uncontrollable seizures'
      • 12.5% stopped at 300v
      • 65% continued to the full 450v
        • Unexpected
      • 100% went to 300v
      • Follow up questionnaire
        • 74% said they learned something
        • 84% felt glad to have participated
    • Procedure
      • $4.50 for just turning up
      • 40 males, aged between 20 and 50, whose jobs ranged from unskilled to professional
      • 4 prods
      • At the beginning of the experiment, they were introduced to another participant, who was a confederate of the experimenter (Milgram)
        • They drew straws to determine their roles – learner or teacher – although this was fixed and the confederate was always the learner. There was also an “experimenter” dressed in a gray lab coat, played by an actor (not Milgram)
          • The “learner” (Mr. Wallace) was strapped to a chair with electrodes. After he has learned a list of word pairs given him to learn, the "teacher" tests him by naming a word and asking the learner to recall its partner/pair from a list of four possible choices
            • The teacher is told to administer an electric shock every time the learner makes a mistake, increasing the level of shock each time. There were 30 switches on the shock generator marked from 15 volts to 450
              • The learner gave mainly wrong answers (on purpose), and for each of these, the teacher gave him an electric shock. When the teacher refused to administer a shock, the experimenter was to give a series of orders/prods to ensure they continued
    • Strengths
      • The Social Learning Theory is an alternative explanation
      • Replications have supported Milgram's findings
      • Good external validity
    • Weaknesses
      • Lacked internal validity
      • Ethical issues

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