O Wilhelme Pastor Bone - basic points

Basic overall view of the piece.

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  • O Wilhelme, Pastor Bone - John Tavener
    • Background
      • 16th Century
      • Sacred Music - Evotive antiphon in the service
    • Structure
      • Divided into 2 main sections (stanzas) with divisions within the stanzas
      • 1st stanza is addressed to St William & 2nd is a prayer for Cardinal Wolsey
    • Melody
      • Mostly syllabic apart from bars 51&56
      • Imitation between parts with much repetition
      • Not much word painting - vitae sordes bar 23/24 it sounds minor (death)
      • Mainly conjunct with moments of disjunct (bar 58 - bass part & treble) but 3rds, 4ths and 5ths are the norm
    • Resources
      • 5 part choir - Treble, Mean, Countertenor, tenor & bass
      • Bar 43 - Treble's split until bar 47 (gymel)
    • Metre
      • 4/4 except bars 31 in 3/2
    • Tonality
      • Modal - Starts and ends in Aionian Mode
      • Bar 22 - G minor until bar 52 (with Eb in key of Gm)
    • Texture
      • Mainly homorhythmic & homophonic. Elements of both contrapuntal and MDH.
      • Much Imitation (Bar 23 - confer opum)
      • Antiphonal
      • More contrapuntal towards end (last 6 bars)
    • Harmony
      • Passing Notes
      • Cadences
        • Perfect Cadence - bar 52 bass part
        • Plagal Cadence at end of piece
        • Tierce de Picardi (bar 32)
      • No definite chord structure
      • Mainly root and 1st inversion chords
      • Traditional - doubles only the root
      • Not much dissonance
      • Full of suspension
      • Nota Combiata (bar 52)
    • Rhythm
      • Quaver action
      • Similar throughout - minim followed by crotchets
      • Simple rhythm
      • Many tied crotchets
      • Opening: treble part gives feeling of triple time rather than 4/4

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