Nyiragongo Volcanic Eruption 2002

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  • Nyiragongo Volcanic Eruption 2002
    • Located in the DRC (Central Africa) in Rift Valley
    • Causes
      • Large plume splitting crust apart
      • Lava has risen through cracks creating gently sided shield volcano
    • Effects
      • Economic
        • 2100 businesses destroyed
        • Unemployment grew to 95% from 85%
        • Much of runway ruined due to lava
      • Social
        • Agricultural production down by 60% due to acid rain
        • 45 people died
        • Water shortages
        • Unemployment
      • Environmental
        • 5000km2 of Virunga, National Park been destroyed (home to mountain gorilla)
    • Responses
      • Immediate
        • 350,000 people flee city
        • Measles vaccinations given to children
        • Food aid given out freely by UNICEF (took 3 days due to runway)
        • Refugee camps set up in Rwanda
      • Long term
        • People rebuild their homes
        • Efforts made to reunite families
        • Rebuilding of water and electricity supplies
        • Rebuilding of churches and schools
        • Clearing of lava from main streets

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