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  • This allowed lava to flow through the ground fissures out of the crater lava lake
    • Tectonic spreading caused the ground to fracture
      • Causes
        • Nyiragongo
  • Primary Effects
    • Effects
      • Nyiragongo
    • As the lava spread through Goma, it set alight to buildings and petrol stations.
    • People were killed by the poisonous gases released by the volcano
    • The lave destroyed the runway (cut through the runway) and Goma airport
      • This made aid and transportation difficult
    • 14 villages surrounding the volcano were destroyed
    • 45 people died in the first 24 hours
    • The lava travelled at up to 60 km/h
    • The lava was 2 metres deep
  • 400,000 people had to be evacuated from the local area
    • Secondary Effects
      • Effects
        • The unemployment rate rose from 85% to 95%
        • 120,000 people were left homeless
        • Diseases like cholera spread quickly around the refugee camps


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