nutritional needs of different age groups

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  • nutritional needs of different age groups
    • 2-5 year olds
      • start to gradually move to the eatwell diet
      • give children small and frequent meals
      • give them at least 300ml of milk a day
      • give them a variety of foods
    • 5-12 year olds
      • they're active so give them high carb and protein meals
      • they need some fat, calcium and vitamin d
      • high sugar foods should only be eaten during meals
        • also should be eaten infrequently
      • eat healthy around your children because they adopt your eating habits
    • teenagers
      • aim for a balanced diet
      • they have rapid growth spurts so they need more protein
      • girls need more iron and vitamin c than boys
        • girls have periods
      • they need protein, calcium and vitamin d
    • adults
      • follow the eatwell guide to keep body from diseases
      • men require more calories as they have more muscles
      • women need a higher iron intake
      • calcium and vitamin d are important so they help prevent bone disease
      • women during pregnancy should eat 200 calories than what they usually eat a day, as well as consuming more frolic acid
    • elderly adults
      • do not need as much energy to survive
      • cut down on saturated fats which are found in meat
      • must adapt meals for them since their sense of smell and taste has changed
      • they especially need calcium and vitamin d to help prevent bone diseases
      • vitamin b12 to help prevent memory loss
        • it can be found in milk, fish and beef
      • fibre helps excrete faeces
      • vitamin a to help maintain good eyesight
        • found in liver and scrambled eggs

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