Nucleic Acids

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  • Nucleic Acids
    • Components of Nucleic Acid
      • DNA
        • Nitrogenous base
          • ACGT
        • deoxyribose sugar
        • Phosphate
          • AMP, ADP, ATP
      • RNA
        • nitrogenous base
          • pyrimidine
            • CT
          • purine
            • AG
        • ribose sugar
    • DNA replication
      • semi-conservative
      • DNA polymerase
      • Gyrase
      • helicase
      • ligase
      • 5' to 3'
      • Leading and lagging strands
    • Transcription
      • RNA polymerase with helicase
      • mRNA free nucleotides
      • 5' to 3' on mRNA strand
      • template/coding strand
    • Translation
      • On ribosome
        • rRNA + protein
        • catalyses peptide bond
      • tRNA brings amino acid
    • Genetic code
      • non-overlapping
      • degenerate
      • universal
      • Triplet

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