non-communicable diseases

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  • non-communicable diseases
    • faulty heart valves
      • cause; valves don't open or close properly
      • effect; blood can leak and flow in the wrong direction
      • treatment; biological valve transplant
      • treatment; mechanical valve can be inserted
    • coronary heart disease (CHD)
      • cause; build up of fatty substances in the coronary arteries (atherosclerosis)
      • effect; oxygenated blood cant get to the cardiac muscle
      • treatment; stents are inserted into the blocked artery to open it up
      • treatment; statins help to lower harmful cholesterol
    • heart failure can be treated with a transplant or an artificial heart

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