NOG -Use of repression

pink -A2

red - A3

orange - N2

yellow - PG

green - Lenin

l blue - Stalin

d blue - Khrushchev

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  • Use of repression
    • All Russian rulers used repression and the secret police to some extent, particularly against political opponents.
    • Under the Tsars repression was used to maintain autocracy and deal with growing opposition associated with greater industrialisation, with a varying degree of success.
    • Some events reflect this dynamic, such as Alexander III’s use of repression after his father’s death.
    • Communist rulers also used repression but to a larger extent,
      • inparticular, at the start of both Lenin’s and Stalin’s reign, in order to quell sizeable opposition to their regime.
    • Communists were able to justify widespread repression because the definition of a ‘counter-revolutionary’ was so broad, and could implement it fully,
      • because they were inheriting a more powerful state than under the Tsars, especially Stalin.
    • the PG disbanded the Okhrana, a decision which would contribute totheir future downfall,
      • and reflects the necessity of repression as a ruling strategy for all other rulers.
    • Khrushchev was also less repressive than his predecessor Stalin,
      • which could be ideological decision, or reflect the lack of popularopposition to the regime.


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