Nobles & Gentry

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  • Nobles and Gentry
    • Nobles
      • Specific titles
        • Duke - Mostly the royal family
        • Marquis - rare and new title
        • Earl
        • Lord
      • Also known as - Magnates & Barons
      • Around 60
        • Wealthiest land owners
          • Land in several parts of the country
      • King's leading advisers
        • Deal with serious crime & disorder
        • Carry out these tasks to show their importance
      • Leading commanders
        • Bringing men to fight in war time
      • Resented being left out of being given tasks by the King
      • Flaunt it
        • Nobles expected to show off their riches
          • wearing fashionable expensive clothes
          • Building grand homes
          • Having lots of servants
        • EXAMPLE Earl of Warwick
          • Great Chronicle of London
            • Very popular with common people in 1460
              • Gave meat to taverns and anyone could eat it
                • Take as much as they could carry on a long dagger
          • Praised for his generosity
          • Model for how noblemen should behave
    • Gentry
      • Next layer down below the nobles
        • Less wealthy
        • Still owned land in several countries
      • Many were Knights
        • Had the title 'Sir'
      • About 3000 gentry families
      • King relied on gentry to keep government running effectively in each county
        • Local government organised by counties
      • Acted as judges in courts
        • Held posts such as county sheriff
      • Like nobles most accepted these tasks as sign of local importance
    • EXAMPLE
      • Moving up
        • Herbert & Devereux families
          • gentry families
            • 1461
              • Joined the nobility
                • Edward VI made Sir William Herbert Lord & Sir Walter Devereux Lord Ferrers
                  • Reward for their support
    • Service
      • One of most important ideas of 1400's
        • Nobles fed and dressed by young men from other other noble or gentry families
          • Saw serving the Lord as an honour
            • Proud to be a servant
      • Lord
        • His duty to provide 'good lordship' for his servants
          • Helping them to do well and protect them and their property
        • Same kind of affinity as a Duke but fewer members
          • Used in si miller ways to a duke
          • Men want to serve the lord because he is well connected to the duke
          • If the lord loses influence with the duke then men may not be keen to serve him.
          • Don't receive such rich rewards and prestige as those with a duke
          • Can help protect but not against the power of a duke
      • How does it work?
        • Duke
          • Lower ranking nobles and gentry as part of his affinity
            • Affinity - Served whenever needed, worked as lawyers or estate managers
              • Wore the lord's badge to display allegiance
                • And livery colours - badge and colours of a lord worn by his servants
              • Earn money working for him
              • Rewards them with land and gifts
              • Help them with legal disputes
              • Help them to good marriages
                • Recommending good fathers of possible brides
        • Gentlemen
          • Has a small group of advisers
            • Help run their estates
          • Clever young men from poor backgrounds
          • Provide good lordship to these servants
            • Gain a good reputation by doing so

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